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Animal law is a combination of statutory and case law in which the nature – legal, social or biological – of nonhuman animals is an important factor.

Casino token also known as casino or gaming chipschecksor cheques are small discs used in lieu of currency in casinos. Colored metal, injection-molded plastic or 888 online casino wikipedia molded clay tokens of various denominations are used primarily in table 888 online casino wikipedia, as opposed to metal token coinsused primarily in slot machines.

Casino tokens are also widely used as play money in casual or tournament games. Plaques 888 online casino wikipedia from chips in that they are larger, usually rectangular in shape and contain serial numbers. Money is exchanged for tokens in a casino at the casino cage, at the gaming tables, or at a cashier station. The tokens are interchangeable with money at the casino. They generally have no value outside of the casino, but certain businesses such as taxis or waiters—especially for tips in gambling towns may honor them informally.

Tokens are employed for several reasons. Because of the uniform size, shape, and patterns of stacks of chips, they are easier to tally compared to currency. This attribute also enables the pit source or security to quickly verify the 888 online casino wikipedia being paid, reducing the chance that a dealer might incorrectly pay a customer. Though aids such as chip trays are far more common.

Furthermore, it is observed that consumers gamble more freely with replacement currencies than with cash. Lastly, the chips are considered to be an integral part of the casino environment, and replacing them with some alternate currency would be unpopular. Many casinos have eliminated the use of metal tokens and coins in their slot machines, in favor of paper receipts or pre-paid cards, which, while requiring heavy infrastructure costs to install, eliminate the coin handling expenses, jamming problems encountered in machines which took coins or tokens and can allow more game-specific technology in the space of a machine which would usually be dedicated to coin mechanisms.

Most casinos using receipts have automated machines at which customers may redeem receipts, eliminating the need for coin counting windows and decreasing labor costs. Casino chip collecting is a part of numismaticsmore specifically as specialized exonumia collecting.

Several casinos sell custom-made sets of chips and one or two decks of cards stamped with the name of the casino on them.

Each set is contained in a small briefcase or box. The ancestors of the modern casino token were the counters used to keep score in the card games Ombre and Quadrille. InFrench Quadrille sets contained a number of different counters, known 888 online casino wikipedia jetonsfiches and mils. Unlike modern poker chips, they were colored differently only to determine player ownership for purposes of settling payments at the end of the game, with different denominations differentiated by different shapes that each counter type had.

In the early history of Poker during the 19th century, players seemed to 888 online casino wikipedia any small valuable object imaginable. Early poker players sometimes used jagged gold pieces, gold nuggets, gold dust, or coins as well as "chips" primarily made of ivory, bone, wood, paper, and a composition made from clay and shellac. Several companies between the s and the late s made clay composition poker chips. There were over designs from which to choose. Most chips were white, red, blue, and yellow, but they could be made in almost any color desired.

The vast majority of authentic casino chips are "clay" chips but can be more accurately described as compression molded chips. Modern clay chips are a composition of materials more durable than clay alone.

At least some percentage of the chips here of an earthen material such as sand, chalk, and clay similar to that found in cat litter. The process used to make these chips is a trade secretand varies slightly by manufacturer, most being relatively expensive and time-consuming per chip.

The edge spots, or inserts, are not painted on; to achieve this effect, this area of the clay is removed and then replaced with clay of a different mit windows casino canada einer this can be done to each chip individually or a strip can be taken out of a cylindrical block of material and replaced with the alternate color before the block is cut into chips.

The printed graphics on clay chips is called an inlay. Inlays are typically made of paper and are then clad with a plastic film applied to the chip prior to the compression molding process. During the molding process the inlay becomes permanently fastened to the chip and can not be removed from the chip without destroying the click at this page. Ceramic chips were introduced in the mid s as alternative to clay chips, and are also used in casinos, as well as being readily available to the home market.

The ability to print just click for source and graphics on the entire surface of the chip, instead of just the inlay, made them popular. Ceramic chips are sometimes also referred to as clay or clay composite, but they are in fact an injection-molded chip made with a special plastic or resin formula that approximates the feel and sound of ceramic or porcelain. There are less expensive chips for the home market, made from various forms of plastic and plastic covered metal slugs as well.

There is 888 online casino wikipedia universally standardized color scheme for poker chip values, and schemes not only vary nationally and regionally, but even from venue to venue, or by event type within a single venue. Literatur poker bonus deposit 20 einer colors found in home sets typically include red, white, blue, and sometimes green and black; however, more recently a wide assortment of colors have become readily available, particularly in lower-cost ABS plastic chips.

Common additional colors are pink, purple, yellow, orange, and grey. Newer designs in home chips include three-color designs where a three-step molding process creates a chip with unique base, 888 online casino wikipedia, and detail colors. In casinos, uniform chip colors and sizes are sometimes specified by the local gaming control board for consistency. For example, regulations in New Jersey [2] 888 online casino wikipedia Illinois [3] specify similar uniform colors.

In 19th-century America, there was enough of a tradition of using blue chips for higher values that "blue chip" in noun and adjective senses signaling high-value chips and high-value property are attested since andrespectively. Because eight is 888 online casino wikipedia a lucky number in Chinese culture, chips denominated 8, 88, and e.

They will sometimes contain an image of the animal associated with the year and are issued in a variety of colors. Low-denomination yellow chips vary in value: Such chips are often yellow or orange.

Casinos often use gaming plaques for these denominations: These plaques are about the size of a playing card, and must be marked with serial numbers. Each casino has a unique set of chips, even if the casino 888 online casino wikipedia part of a greater company.

The security features of casino chips are numerous. Artwork is of a very 888 online casino wikipedia resolution or of photographic quality. Custom color combinations on the chip edge edge spots are usually distinctive to a particular casino. UV markings can be made on the inlay. 888 online casino wikipedia being used by one manufacturer, Palm Gaming, is an audible taggant incorporated into the ceramic chip blank.

A simple handheld reader will beep if the gaming chip is authentic. Palm Gaming is even manufacturing custom made molds for their ceramic gaming chips- adding yet another high level of security to its gaming chip. Counterfeit chips are rare. High 888 online casino wikipedia of surveillance, along with staff familiarity with chip design and coloring, make passing fake chips difficult.

Casinos, 888 online casino wikipedia, are prepared for this situation. All states require that casinos have a set of chips in reserve with alternate markings, [ citation needed ] though they may not be required to have exactly the same number of reserve chips as they do on the floor. Casino chips used in tournaments are usually much cheaper and of much simpler design. Because the chips have no cash value, usually chips are designed with a single color usually differing in shade or tone from the version on the casino floora smaller breadth, and a basic mark on the interior to distinguish denominations; however, at certain events such as the World Series of Poker or other televised pokerchips approach quality levels of chips on the floor.

Several casinos, such as the Hard Rock Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, issue "limited edition" 888 online casino wikipedia chips, commemorating various events, though retaining a common color scheme.

This encourages customers to keep them for souvenirs, at a profit to the casino. However, this technique is costly and considered by many to be unnecessary to profit. Also, this technology provides minimal benefits in games with layouts that do not provide gamblers with their own designated betting areas, such as craps.

The first game show to use them, Duelhad a variation in which the contestants answer questions using oversized casino tokens.

The World Series of Poker at one time actually used its casino tokens for 888 online casino wikipedia poker tournaments, but in more recent years has had special Paulson WSOP clay sets made for the tournaments.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by 888 online casino wikipedia citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

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In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 29 Septemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and 888 online casino wikipedia Policy. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Casino tokens.


888 online casino wikipedia

Online casinosalso known as virtual casinos or Internet casinosare online versions of traditional " brick and mortar " casinos. Online casinos enable 888 online casino wikipedia to play and wager on casino games through the Internet. It is a prolific form of online gambling. Online casinos generally offer odds and payback percentages that are a bit http://c3c3.info/indian-casinos-in-canada.php than land-based casinos.

Some online casinos claim higher payback percentages for slot machine games, and some publish payout percentage audits on their websites. Assuming that the online casino is using an appropriately programmed random number generatortable games like blackjack have an established house edge. The payout percentage for these games are 888 online casino wikipedia by the rules of the game.

Online casinos can be divided into two groups 888 online casino wikipedia on their interface: Some casinos offer both interfaces. Web-based online casinos also known as flash casinos are websites where users may play casino games without downloading software to their local computer. Games are mainly represented in 888 online casino wikipedia browser plugins Macromedia FlashMacromedia Shockwaveor Java and require browser support for these plugins.

Also, bandwidth is needed since all graphics, sounds and animations are loaded through the web via the plugin. Some online casinos also allow gameplay through a HTML interface.

Apple devices such as iPod, iPad and iPhone cannot play Flash games as the technology is not supported. Download-based online casinos require the download of the software client in order to play and wager on the casino games offered. The online casino software connects 888 online casino wikipedia the casino service provider and handles contact without browser support.

Download-based online casinos generally run faster than web-based online casinos since the graphics and sound programs are cached by the software client, rather than having to be loaded from the Internet.

On the other hand, the initial download and installation of a download-based online casino client does take time. As with any download from the Internet, the risk of the program containing malware exists.

In a virtual casino game, the outcome of each game is dependent on the data produced by a pseudorandom number generator PRNG. This determines the order of the cards in card games, the outcome of a dice throw, or the results produced by the spinning of a slot machine or roulette wheel.

PRNGs use a set of mathematical instructions known as an algorithm to generate a long stream of numbers that give the impression of true randomness. While this is not the same as true random number generation computers are incapable of this without an external input sourceit provides results that satisfy all but the most stringent requirements for true randomness.

When implemented correctly, a PRNG algorithm such as monaco casino Mersenne Twister will ensure that the games are both fair and unpredictable. However, usually the player has to trust that the software has not been rigged to increase the house edge, as its inner workings are invisible to the user.

Properly regulated online casinos are audited externally by independent regulators to ensure that their win percentages are in line with the stated odds, and this can provide a degree of assurance to the player that the games are fair, assuming the player trusts the regulator. Instead of trusting the software, with the provably fair concept the player can verify that the casino plays fair and that the software has not been rigged. The idea is that the server creates a secret random seed and shows the hash like SHA to the player.

The player provides a random seed as well. Then the server combines the secret seed and the player seed to calculate the random number result.

It is often used for cryptocurrency casinos. 888 online casino wikipedia technical details are hidden in an easy to use web interface, but the user can verify it with external or local tools. The concept works very well for single player games, but is more complicated for multi-player games like poker, because the house could plant a player that has full knowledge of the cards and could cheat the player.

In a live casino game, a human dealer runs the game in real time from a casino gaming table, which can be seen via a live streaming video link. Players can make betting decisions via a console on their computer screen, and can communicate with the dealer using a text chat function.

The results of the physical transactions by the dealer, such as the outcome of the roulette wheel spin or the dealing of cards, 888 online casino wikipedia translated into data that can be utilized by the software by means of optical character recognition OCR technology.

This enables the player to interact with the game in much the same way as they would with a virtual casino game, except for the fact that the results are determined by real-life actions rather than automated processes. These games are a lot more expensive for websites to host than virtual games, as they involve 888 online casino wikipedia heavier investment in technology and staffing.

A live casino studio typically employs one or more cameramen, several croupiers running the various games, an information technology manager to ensure that any technical hitches are dealt with swiftly, and a pit 888 online casino wikipedia that acts as an adjudicator in case of disputes between players and croupiers.

The configuration of these rooms varies from casino to casino, with some having several gaming tables in one room, and some having a single table in each room. The high running costs involved with operating live dealer games is the reason why online casinos only tend to offer a handful of the most popular games in this format, such as rouletteblackjacksic boand baccarat.

In comparison, the running costs associated with virtual games are very low, and it is not uncommon for online casinos to offer hundreds of different virtual casino games to players on their site. Online casinos vary in their approach to the hosting of live games, with some providing live games via their own television channeland others 888 online casino wikipedia the games exclusively via their website.

In the case of televised games, players can often use their mobile phone or television remote controls to place bets instead of doing so via a computer connected to the internet. The most common live dealer games offered at online casinos are baccarat, blackjack and roulette. Many online casinos offer sign-up bonuses to new players making their first deposit, and often on subsequent play as well. These bonuses are a form of marketing that may incur a cost potentially justifiable in order to attract a new player who may return and deposit many more timessince the casino is essentially giving away money in return for a commitment from the player to wager a certain minimum amount before they are allowed to withdraw.

These wagering requirements are commonly set to be sufficiently high that the player has a negative expectation, exactly as if they had deposited and not claimed a bonus.

The Welcome bonus is a deposit match bonus on the first deposit ever made in http://c3c3.info/slots-for-fun-download.php casino or casino group. Welcome bonuses sometimes come in packages and may be given to match the first two or three deposits First Deposit Welcome Bonus, Second Deposit Welcome Bonus, etc.

The casino may also offer Welcome bonuses for high rollers who make an initial deposit above the standard amount limit. There are two types of Referral bonuses: The Referee gets a bonus when he or she registers an account at the casino and mentions the Referrer. The Referrer gets a bonus when the Referee 888 online casino wikipedia all the requirements, such as making the deposit and wagering it a certain number of times.

Typically, only deposits that were not matched with 888 online casino wikipedia count towards this bonus. You can additionally find websites that offer casino cashback payments based your losses encountered while playing with one or more online casinos. Those type 888 online casino wikipedia cashback deals are usually paid back to players by the casino portal that offers those special cashback offers.

These bonuses are used as acquisition tools by casinos wishing to attract new players. Non-cashable bonuses may be called "sticky" or "phantom" bonuses. The difference between cash-able and phantom bonuses comes at cashout time.

If bonus is cash-able, then the whole balance is available for withdrawal. Comps are commonly available at land-based casinos, but also 888 online casino wikipedia online. Comp points can usually be exchanged for cash, prizes, or other comps. The amount of cash given per wager is usually very small and often varies with game selection.

This example is equivalent to returning 0. In addition online casinos may offer comps such as free tickets to online tournaments888 online casino wikipedia slots online, tickets to other special events, extra bonuses, souvenirs 888 online casino wikipedia pay back.

Bonus hunting also known as 888 online casino wikipedia bagging or bonus whoring is a type of advantage gambling where turning a profit from casino, sportsbook and poker room bonus situations is mathematically possible. For example, the house edge in blackjack is roughly 0.

A large portion of online casino disputes relate to bonuses. Casinos may label players who win using bonuses as "bonus abusers. An example of player fraud is creating multiple accounts and using the accounts to claim a sign-up bonus several times. An example of casino fraud is changing terms of a bonus 888 online casino wikipedia a player has mit die besten online casinos der welt schafft the wagering requirements, then 888 online casino wikipedia the player to meet the new bonus terms.

Fraudulent behaviour on the part of online casinos has been documented, almost exclusively by player advocacy websites and forums. The most Art beste online casinos mit auszahlung habe reported behaviour is a refusal to pay withdrawals to legitimate winners. An online casino with multiple confirmed cases of fraudulent behavior is often called a rogue casino by the online casino player community.

Many casino gambling portals and player forums maintain blacklists of rogue casinos. While some carry more authority than others, all blacklists constitute individual webmaster and player opinions rather than an official list from any type of regulating body. Often, casinos use buffer sites that offer free play of their casino games but in reality use different means of deceptive strategies to redirect or lure the visitors into signing up to their services via appealing bonus offers or exclusive reward programs.

Majority of these deceptive "free" sites lead to equally deceptive casinos. Since almost all existing online casinos offer free play of their casino games, recognising whether a casino is deceptive based on whether they offer free gameplay is no longer viable. Online gambling legislation often has loopholes that result from the rapid development of the technology underpinning the development of the industry. Some countries, including Belgium, Canada, Finland and 888 online casino wikipedia have state gambling monopolies and do not 888 online casino wikipedia licenses to foreign casino operators.

According to their law, operators licensed on the territory of these countries can only be considered legal. The Australian Interactive Read article Act IGA [5] criminalises the supply of online casino games by an operator 888 online casino wikipedia in the world to persons located in Australia.

It only targets operators of online gambling sites, resulting in the curious situation that it is not illegal for a player in Australia to access and gamble at an online casino. No operator has even been charged 888 online casino wikipedia please click for source offence under the IGA and many online casinos accept Australian customers. The Belgian Link Act [8] allows online gambling, but only under very strict conditions and surveillance.

The Canadian criminal code states that only provincial governments and charitable organizations licensed by provincial governments may operate a casino in Canada. It also prohibits residents from participating in any lottery scheme, game of chance, or gambling activity not licensed or operated by a provincial government.

Despite link legislation, the Kahnawake First Nation 888 online casino wikipedia Quebec has taken the position that it is a sovereign nation, able to enact its own gambling legislation, and has licensed and hosted nearly gambling websites, without ever being prosecuted.

The European Commission via the "EU Pilot" scheme recently questioned Germany about what steps it plans to take to eliminate the current sports-betting monopoly operated by 888 online casino wikipedia Oddset and to also reconsider its stance on prohibiting online casino and 888 online casino wikipedia games due to the huge gray market currently existing — and prospering — in the country.

In the United Kingdom, the Gambling Bill that was passed into law in tends to all matters of online gambling, permitting online betting sites to have a Remote Gambling Licence in order to offer 888 online casino wikipedia betting to UK citizens. Inthe UK government put into law the Gambling Act of which in addition to the original law, required offshore online gambling operators catering to UK players to obtain a UK license.

However, this exodus did not last long in most cases as the benefits outweighed the stumbling blocks, due to the UK being a major market for online gambling.

In the United States, the legality of online gambling is debated and can vary from state to state. The Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of UIGEA limits the ability of banks and payment processors to transact with internet gambling sites that are unlawful under any federal or state law. However it does not define the legality or otherwise of an internet based gambling site. It was commonly assumed that the Federal Wire Act prohibited all forms of online gambling.

However, in Decemberthe United States Department of Justice released a statement clarifying that the Wire Act applied only to sports betting sites and not to online casinos, poker, or lottery sites, [12] [13] leaving the definition of legality up to individual states.


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